Indicator 7-Child Outcomes Step by Step, Frequently Asked Questions, Outcomes Descriptions, & Guiding Questions


The outcomes address three areas of child functioning necessary for each child to be an active and successful participant at home, in early care and education settings, and in the community. 

Positive social-emotional skills refer to how children get along with others, how they relate with adults and with other children. The outcome includes the ways the child expresses emotions and feelings and how he or she interacts with and plays with other children. For toddlers and preschoolers, these skills also include how children follow rules related to interacting with others in group situations such as in a child care center.

The acquisition and use of knowledge and skills refers to the child's ability to think, reason, remember, solve problems, and use symbols and language. The outcome also encompasses the child's understanding of physical and social worlds. It includes understanding of early concepts (e.g., symbols, pictures, numbers, classification, spatial relationships), imitation, object permanence, the acquisition of language and communication skills, and of early literacy and numeracy skills. The outcome also addresses the precursors that are needed so that children will experience success later in elementary school when they are taught academic subject areas (e.g., reading, mathematics).

The use of appropriate behavior to meet needs refers to the actions that children employ to take care of their basic needs, including getting from place to place, using tools (e.g., fork, toothbrush), and in older children, contributing to their own health and safety. The outcome includes how children take care of themselves (e.g., dressing, feeding, hair brushing, toileting), carry out household responsibilities, and act on the world to get what they want. This outcome addresses children's increasing capacity to become independent in interacting with the world and taking care of their needs.

Video: Child Outcomes Step by Step provided by ECTA Center - This video provides an overview of the three child outcomes adopted by the Office of Special Education Programs (OSEP) and reported on by all state preschool special education (Part B/619) programs as part of their Annual Performance Report (APR). The video can be used for professional development and training.

Frequently Asked Questions on ECTA Center site - This link summarizes many questions frequently asked about the child and family outcomes measurement process and provides brief answers.

Three Child Outcomes Descriptions and Guiding Questions -This document provides information and questions regarding the three outcome areas: a.) Positive social-emotional skills (including social relationships), b.) Acquisition and use of knowledge and skills (including early language/ communication and early literacy), and c.) Use of appropriate behaviors to meet needs.