Resources

  • Evidence-Based Practices - The resources provided here are supported by research and evidence. Topics include assessment, child development, curriculum & instruction, family involvement, inclusion, and transition.
  • Superintendent's memo - This page provides superintendent memos specific to Early Childhood Special Education (ECSE) Administrators and individuals responsible for administrative oversight of local ECSE programs.
  • State/Federal Organizations - This page provides national and state level initiatives and organizations relevant to early childhood special education.
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Showing Results 1 - 50 of 252
Description: All young children (Birth to 5) with and without disabilities have the right to experience settings, relationships, and interactions that will support and futher their development and learning. This infographic from VCPD helps families to understand the importance and value of inclusion in early childhood.
Description: This guidance document is designed to assist Virginia’s school divisions and early childhood communities in identifying, developing, and sustaining inclusive opportunities within high-quality early childhood programs for children with disabilities.
Description: In this webinar, learn how staff can monitor individual children and classrooms or programs to ensure that children are making adequate progress toward school readiness. Listen as presenters discuss the benefits and liabilities of two different types of approaches to monitoring progress: observational curriculum approaches and direct general outcomes approaches.
Description: The following three documents are a series of briefs about ongoing assess­ment for individualizing instruction. Prepared for the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Children and Families, Office of Planning, Research, and Evaluation “What Does it Mean to use Ongoing Assessment to Individualize Instruction in Early Childhood?” provides a conceptual framework that shows practitioners and researchers how practitioners can use ongoing assessment for...
Description: Coaching is a promising professional development strategy that can be used to support the implementation fidelity of evidence-based practices by early childhood educators and early interventionists. This document describes the use of practice-based coaching that was developed from the literature on effective coaching elements and has been used with classroom teachers and early intervention personnel (National Center on Quality Teaching and Learning, 2012; Snyder, Hemmeter, and Fox, 2015). What...
Description: The 2017 Learning Lab on Coaching for Practice Change provides a remote learning opportunity to explore how coaching can be supported by states and used within programs to improve implementation of evidence-based practices. The Learning Lab provides information, resources, implementation approaches, and thoughtful discussions with experts and colleagues. Session 1: Implementing Coaching for Practice Change: Innovations for the delivery of coaching Session 2: Coaching for Practice Change:...
Description: Practice-based coaching is a cyclical process for guiding practitioners’ use of evidence-based practices for promoting positive child outcomes. Practice-based coaching involves the following components: collaborative partnerships shared goals and action planning focused observation reflection and feedback On this site, we will provide resources for using PBC to promote practitioners’ use of the Pyramid Model Practices. While many of our existing products are designed to support...
Description: This document is part of the Roadmap to Effective Intervention Practices series of syntheses, intended to provide summaries of existing evidence related to assessment and intervention for social-emotional challenges of young children. The purpose of the syntheses is to offer consumers (professionals, other practitioners, administrators, families, etc.) practical information in a useful, concise format and to provide references to more complete descriptions of validated assessment and...
Description: With a foundation in behaviorism and social learning theory, Peer-Mediated Instruction and Intervention (PMII) involves systematically teaching peers without disabilities ways of engaging learners with ASD in positive and meaningful social interactions. The AFIRM model guides the learner through four lessons to facilitate: Learning basic knowledge about peer-mediated instruction and intervention (PMII). Applying PMII in activity based scenarios that promote real-world application. The PMII...
Description: Included in part of the Peer-mediated Instruction and Intervention Module (AFIRM), this document provides step-by-step instructions on how to implement PMII for Early Childhood.  
Description: This module explores the importance of scaffolding and modeling for students as they learn new skills and strategies (est. completion time: 1 hour). In this module, you will learn about several different approaches to instructional scaffolding and how to use them, including Content scaffolding, Task scaffolding, and Material scaffolding.  
Description: This module will help you: Describe assistive technology interventions to promote children’s access to and participation in inclusive settings. Use a decision-making process to help integrate various sources of evidence and determine whether assistive technology interventions are appropriate for use within a specific context.
Description: Embedded Instruction for Early Learning is based on a recommended instructional practice for preschoolers with or at risk for learning challenges. In embedded instruction, teachers, families, and other caregivers learn how to provide developmentally appropriate, intentional instruction to advance children’s engagement and learning as part of their everyday activities, routines, and transitions.
Description: Develop your expertise on leveraging Embedded Learning Opportunities (ELOs) to support young children's individual goals, with the resources in this training package.
Description: Learn about the practice of embedded interventions to help children participate in a variety of early learning opportunities and environments promoting high quality inclusion.
Description: Practice-Based Coaching (PBC) is a professional development strategy that uses a cyclical coaching process. It supports the use of effective, evidence-based teaching practices that lead to positive outcomes for all children. Learn to use PBC practices to ensure the full and effective participation of children with disabilities or suspected delays. Find out how coaches can support specific inclusive practices in their work with teachers, home visitors, and other education staff. Explore ways...
Description: Practice-Based Coaching requires program-level planning and systematic implementation. In a case study, an implementation team from the Community Partnership for Child Development (CPCD) program in Colorado Springs, CO attended a Practice-Based Coaching Implementation Academy. In this video, CPCD staff share how their program is planning for and implementing PBC. Program stakeholders also discuss their roles in and views of the coaching activities.
Description: Practice-Based Coaching (PBC) supports education staff to use effective teaching practices in context. Learn about the basics of PBC and its research basis as a professional development strategy. Find out how PBC connects to the Head Start Program Performance Standards.
Description: This module, a DEC-recommended resource, offers information on how to set up effective inclusive early childhood classroom environments for young children. It also provides details about the interrelated physical, social, and temporal components of those environments, as well as adaptations to help teachers meet the needs of children with disabilities (est. completion time: 1 hour).
Description: Evidence-Based Practices, a three part series, from IRIS Center: Evidence-Based Practices (Part 1): Identifying and Selecting a Practice or Program discusses the importance of identifying and selecting evidence-based practices (est. completion time: 1.5 hours). Evidence-Based Practices (Part 2): Implementing a Practice or Program with Fidelity discusses implementing an evidence-based practice or program with fidelity (est. completion time: 1 hour). Evidence-Based Practices (Part 3):...
Description: From the ECLKC site: It is important to create a supportive environment for all learners, including children with developmental disabilities or suspected delays. To do so requires adapting practices and environments to ensure that all children from birth to age 5 feel valued and included in your program. In this webinar, explore how to support education staff in implementing effective, evidence-based teaching practices and creating inclusive environments where every child feels safe and has a...
Description: Early CHOICES and the Early Intervention Training Program at the University of Illinois recently launched a new series called Understanding Inclusion. The Understanding Inclusion series contains 6 topics that explore key ideas about inclusion in early childhood. Developed for families with family input, it is just as meaningful and useful for practitioners working with families who have children from birth to 5. In each module topic, a topic guide is available for reflecting and applying what...
Description: This article provides information on the importance of inclusion and how the Pyramid Model might be used in statewide initiatives to increase the use of inclusive practices. Page 4 includes resources and tools related to inclusion.
Description: This page provides resources and materials that include web-based learning opportunities and evidence-based instructional strategies. The goal of the center is to increase the competence, confidence and effectiveness of personnel in Head Start programs to include children with disabilities.
Description: The Advancing Effective Interactions and Instruction (AEII) initiative is all about helping education leaders make data-driven decisions that support teachers and provide high-quality learning experiences for children in Virginia’s early childhood classrooms.
Description: These documents support inclusion in early childhood by demonstrating the benefits to various groups, including children with disabilities, children without disabilities, families, direct service staff, and adminstrators.
Description: This article provides a brief overview of evidence-based UDL practices, with a specific focus on the use of engagement strategies for young children.
Description: DEC offers this resource to those who are planning for or view themselves as stakeholders to decisions on spending the early childhood IDEA funds included in the American Rescue Plan Act (ARP). This document was developed by the DEC Policy Advocacy Committee. DEC will provide additional updates on ARP as more information becomes available.
Description: UDL offers a framework that integrates what we know about the learning brain to inform the design of environments that support all learners. Discover the connections between UDL and the brain in this article.
Description: This page contains previous years, as well as the most recent data, on Indicator 6: Least Restrictive Environment. It is updated on an annual basis.
Description: This chapter from the DEC Recommended Practices Monograph on Environments describes how to promote access and participation by using universal design strategies and making individualized modifications.
Description: This checklist ensures that Early Childhood programs design environments to be responsive to all children’s needs and provide opportunities for growth and development. Equipment, materials, and tools must be selected that are useful to a wide range of abilities and interests, and caters to an ever-diversifying population of children.
Description: This clearly written article provides a great introduction to what UDL is and how it works. It can be a good way to start learning about UDL for teachers and families.
Description: Laura Taylor has been teaching Kindergarten for ages. When she first learned about UDL, she was skeptical that it was anything different than good teaching. Once she dug in, though, she realized she could reach her students in ways she never had before. Listen to the examples of how UDL enabled her to engage her students in new ways and to offer them choices for showing what they know and can do.
Description: The UDL Guidelines are a tool used in the implementation of Universal Design for Learning, a framework to improve and optimize teaching and learning for all people based on scientific insights into how humans learn. The UDL Guidelines can be used by educators, curriculum developers, researchers, parents, and anyone else who wants to implement the UDL framework in a learning environment. These guidelines offer a set of concrete suggestions that can be applied to any discipline or domain to ensure...
Description: This document is Virginia's new set of comprehensive early learning and development standards for young children, birth to age five. The new standards focus on five Areas of Development: Approaches to Play and Learning; Social and Emotional Development; Communication, Language, and Literacy Development; Health and Physical Development and Cognitive Development. All birth to five programs are expected to implement the new standards by Fall 2021.
Description: The STEMIE Center recently released three videos on why inclusion is important. Below is the three part series links and the corresponding description. For access to the transcript, watch the video through YouTube.
Description: Included here are guidance, considerations, and resources for state staff and local practitioners who are determining Preschool Special Education eligibility remotely, due in part to COVID-19. To accomplish this, many states are now exploring a variety of approaches such as teleconference, videoconference, and sharing information and video synchronously and asynchronously. Effective state policies, procedures, and practices are important to appropriately identify children eligible for Part B...
Description: Questions and Answers for Educational Environments and Children Birth-Five (Word) – This instructional document provides answers to frequently asked questions regarding Indicator 6. It is designed to assist Local Education Agency personnel in accurately collecting and reporting Indicator 6 data.
Description: Virginia Indicator 6 Data December 1, 2019 Indicator 6: Early Childhood Placement* Indicator 6: Early Childhood Environment for Children with IEPs Target A – Regular early childhood program and receiving the majority of special education and related services in the regular education childhood program; Target B – Separate special education class, separate school, or residential facility State Target for FFY 2018: Target A: Greater or equal to 35% Target B: Less than or equal to 17%...
Description: Indicator 7: Early Childhood Outcomes Percent of children with IEPs who demonstrate improved: Positive social-emotional skills (including social relationships) Acquisition and use of knowledge and skills (including early language/ communication and early literacy) Use of appropriate behaviors to meet need Data are from the 2019-2020 school year. 1. Social-emotional skills a. Of those children who entered the program below age expectations in Outcome, the percent that substantially increased rate...
Description: Indicator 6: Educational Environments for Children Birth-Five Instructions (Word) – This instructional document provides definitions to key vocabulary as well as steps for determining the accurate educational environment classification using the Indicator 6 Decision Tree. Indicator 6 Reporting Considerations during COVID-19 (Word) - This document provides considerations for reporting Indicator 6 during the December 1, 2020 Child Count.
Description: From the Virginia Department of Education, this webpage is dedicated to the transition from Early Intervention (Part C) to Early Childhood Special Education (Part B): Smooth transitions from Early Intervention to Early Childhood Special Education are important. Families, children, sending and receiving programs all need to share information and support each other. Transition activities need to be timely to assure access to appropriate services for the child. The transition should also be smooth...
Description: This document provides instructions for Indicator 12.
Description: The Indicator 6 Decision Tree from Virginia Department of Education (VDOE) is designed to assist with reporting each child’s educational environment. This document provides the steps for determining the accurate educational environment classification.
Description: This tool, developed by the Early Childhood Technical Assistance Center, provides an application for determining the accurate educational environment classification. Click on “Virginia” to use the customized tool aligned with Virginia’s data reporting format.  To begin, click on "Decision Tree" in the tool bar. To practice using the tool or to train others, click on Scenarios on the tool bar and then click on Scenario on the dropdown menu in the middle of the screen.
Description: A comprehensive online module has been developed jointly by the Early Childhood Technical Assistance Center (ECTA) and the Center for IDEA Early Childhood Data Systems (DaSY) to support those who provide instruction or related services to infants, toddlers and preschoolers with disabilities.  The module provides key information about the COS process, and the practices that contribute to consistent and meaningful COS decision-making. The course can be used by an individual or can be used to...
Description: The Child Outcomes Summary Process: Procedures Specific to Virginia webinar provides guidance from the Virginia Department of Education to school divisions to complete the Child Outcomes Summary (COS) process, a team process for summarizing information related to a child’s progress on each of the three child outcome areas for Indicator 7 (i.e. the percentage of preschool children with Individualized Education Programs who demonstrate improved a) positive social-emotional skills, b)...
Description: A series of online modules that include information on early childhood development as it relates to the different child outcome statements that are the focus of the Office of Special Education Programs' (OSEP) accountability reporting requirements for state Part C Early Intervention and Part B/619 Early Childhood Special Education programs serving young children with disabilities.
Description: In addition to the Virginia resources, the ECTA website provides many resources to help with delivery of professional development on the COS process. A Guide to the COS Process Training and Technical Assistance Resource - This document provides an overview of many of the resources available on the ECTA Outcomes webpage that can support local, regional or state training and technical assistance on child outcomes. COS Training Resources - The ECTA website provides...